A thorough examination allows us to determine the nature and extent of your periodontal problem. Your gums are checked for bleeding, swelling, firmness, abnormal contours and pockets. Your teeth are checked for mobility and sensitivity. Your bite and other factors that can affect your teeth are assessed.
After the exam, we will discuss your treatment options, including home care instructions, non-surgical therapy and in some cases surgery.
A Periodontal Examination Evaluates:
• Your bite • Bleeding gums • Any lumps or other abnormal areas in the mouth • Missing or loose teeth, and how loose they are • The color, texture, size and shape of your gums • Problems with existing fillings, crowns, bridges, dentures or implants • Plaque build up • Depth of the space between your tooth and gum • Receding gums
What is Periodontal Probing?
Periodontal probing helps us to determine the severity of your periodontal disease and plan an appropriate treatment. Probing measures the depth of the pockets around each tooth; it can also reveal receding gums, exposed roots, tooth grinding and other problems.
A probe is like a tiny ruler that is gently inserted into the space between your tooth and gum. The deeper the probe goes, the deeper the pocket and the more severe the periodontal disease.
X-rays may also be required. The periapical X-ray shows the entire tooth from the top of the crown to the tip of the root, which anchors the tooth in your jaw. This shows us the extent and pattern of bone loss around each tooth.
You also may need a full-mouth X-ray, known as a panoramic radiograph. This type of picture shows other important structures in your skull. They include the maxillary sinuses and jaw joints.